S-200 Oilgone Used To Treat The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Background to the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
In November 1989, the Exxon Valdez struck the Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, ripping a hole in the boat and releasing 11 million gallons of oil into the water. The oil would eventually wash up on over 1300km of coastline. A massive clean-up operation ensure, with oil skimmed from the the water and chemical, detergents and high pressure washing used. However, it was deemed that the clean-up techniques caused as much damage to the environment as the oil, spill, with hundreds of thousands of seabirds, fish and otters dying in the process.
US Department of Labor and US EPA Authorises the use of a Bioremediation Accelerator
FROM THE US DEPARTMENT OF LABOR:
Please allow us to provided a brief overview of Inipol’s use in this incident. In 1989, to help with the Exxon Valdez oil spill cleanup, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed the use of an oil spill response technology, “bioremediation,” to increase the natural rate of oil degradation. Crude oil is a good candidate for bioremediation because even without remediation, the oil eventually degrades through natural environmental processes.
Crude oil decomposes as the result of microbial activity along with exposure to sunlight and air; these processes break the oil down into its basic elements. In theory, the more microbes (bacteria) that work on the breakdown process, the faster the degradation occurs. Bioremediation uses an artificial stimulant to increase the numbers of microbes that work at breaking down the crude oil, thereby helping to speed up the natural process.
The Exxon Valdez oil spill area already had a good population of the correct oil-eating bacteria; the bacterial population simply needed to be increased by adding nitrogen and phosphorus. These elements are most easily provided by spreading fertilizer. Toward this end, the French-manufactured liquid fertilizer, Inipol EAP22, was applied to the oiled beaches.
INIPOL EAP-22 BECOMES S-200 Oilgone®
French Petroleum company ELF AQUITAINE was developing a bio-remediation product called INIPOL EAP-22. After extensive tests Exxon purchased INIPOL EAP-22 to remediate the contaminated coastline
Head Chemist at ELF AQUITANE was Jim Lynn, founder of International Environmental Products (IEP). Jim Lynn has in recent years developed the concept further to produce S200 – Oil Gone